De levande döda: Jugoslaviska krigsfångar och tvångsarbetare i Norge, 1942-45

Tidsperiod: 2012-01-01 till 2014-12-31

Projektledare: Tomislav Dulic

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Projektbidrag

Budget: 2 358 000 SEK

Close to 4,300 Yugoslavs were deported to Norway during the Second World War, where they were put to work under such extreme conditions that 60-70% of them died as a result. Which are the institutional frameworks that affect social interaction in camps and how do they affect social interaction and violence? Why do people participate in torment and murder of their fellow humans? Which are the strategies that victims undertake in order to avoid the terror and how do these affect the interaction in the camps? These are some of the central questions in a multidisciplinary investigation that will combine social-psychological theory with historical source criticism, text analysis and statistics. One task is to map the Yugoslavs? journey from the Balkans to Norway, their everyday life in Norwegian camps, as well as the situation for those ninety prisoners that managed to flee to Sweden. The second task focuses on a computer-assisted textual analysis and systematizaton of archival documents and memoirs in order to detail the behaviour-patterns in the camps. The third task is to provide a detailed statistical analysis of the socio-economic, political and ethnic background of the prisoners and their dispersion in various camps. This will facilitate an identification of the relationship between camp type, administration, workload and type of work, time of arrival and mortality rate.