Messianism, stat och litteratur. Dostojevskij, Belyj och Solzjenitsyn om Rysslands identitet

Tidsperiod: 2014-01-01 till 2016-12-31

Projektledare: Irina Karlsohn

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Projektbidrag

Budget: 1 455 000 SEK

The project aims at shedding light on the processes of Russian identity formation, still a burning issue today. The investigation focuses on the Russian messianic myth, which in its modern forms traces its origin to the slavophiles of the nineteenth century. Scholars have traditionally identified two different trends of Russian messianist thought: one emphasizing the state, and the other emphasizing the people. These trends are commonly analyzed as two parallel but more or less harmoniously interconnected and interplaying phenomena. In this investigation, the harmony of Russian messianisms is questioned and a conflict between the two mentioned forms is detected. At the heart of this conflict is the question of the nature of the state. What is the state, according to different proponents of messianism? What is state power? Russian literature has given varying answers to the question of the state in different historical situations, answers which can?t be found anywhere else. In the investigation, a limited set of literary texts are analysed. These texts can be connected to messianic thought and they treat the question of the state in different ways. They are written by three very influential authors: Fyodor Dostoevsky, Andrei Bely, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. The works are analysed with regard to historical and cultural contexts, and with regard to intertextual relationships.