Skapande och kreativitet: En begreppshistorisk studie av den ryska filosofien
Tidsperiod: 2015-01-01 till 2017-12-31
Projektledare: Kåre Johan Mjør
Budget: 2 580 000 SEK
This project accounts for the multifaceted meanings of one of the most important concepts in Russian philosophy: "tvorchestvo", which in English can mean both "creation", "creativity", and "creative act". In Russian philosophical writings of the late nineteenth and in particular the early twentieth century, the concept of tvorchestvo is key both to Russian philosophers´ thematic interest in the human being and to their meta-reflection on their own activity and self-assigned tasks in a context understood as different from the "West". It was used across ideological borders for various purposes, ranging from the promotion of a secular, "European" philosophy, to the endorsement of a religious Orthodox one as the only proper philosophy for Russia. By investigating a concept that was used by very different thinkers for conflicting purposes, this project will make a critical contribution to our understanding of identity formation and nationalism as such processes appear in philosophical texts. The project is therefore also of great relevance to the contemporary world, where philosophy is widely used, in particular outside the West, for identity-related purposes. And since tvorchestvo in the early twentieth century involved the question of Russia´s civilisational orientation, the project aims to clarify the concept(s) of modernity in relation to Russia, as well as the significance of the East-European, Orthodox context to secularisation processes.