Bakom retoriken: Om implementeringen av ett nytt stadsplaneringsideal i Sverige
Tidsperiod: 2015-01-01 till 2019-12-31
Projektledare: Sara Westin
Budget: 4 070 000 SEK
The aim of the project is to examine the implementation of a new urban planning ideal in Sweden, which in the past decades has replaced modernism. The ideal is the "traditional", nineteenth century city, with its mixed uses and lively street life. Suburban modernist neighborhoods are seen as something that should be remade, and the ideal is so dominating that researchers talk of a new orthodoxy. But how is this orthodoxy being implemented? Previous research has focused mainly on the rhetorical side of contemporary urban planning, less so on its practical side. Examining implementation means analyzing who has power in today´s planning. The new orthodoxy coincides with other social, ideological and economic changes in society and this unique project analyzes the complex interrelations between these trends and contemporary urban planning. These are 1) an increasingly market-friendly climate, 2) an increased demand for evidence-based practice (e.g. space syntax analyses in planning projects), and 3) increasing protests against planning projects and a decreased authority for experts. Three case studies in Stockholm will be carried out using ethnographic methods of participant observation, formal and informal interviews with politicians, planners, landowners and private developers. Residents affected by planning projects will be interviewed to illuminate the relation between experts and laymen, as well as the relation between intention and outcome in today´s urban planning.