Identifiering och övervakning av handeln i vildskördade medicinalväxter i Tanzania med innovativ genomik-baserad DNA barcoding
Tidsperiod: 2015-01-01 till 2017-12-31
Projektledare: Hugo De Boer
Medarbetare: Joseph Nordgren, Joseph Ntaganira, Joseph Otieno, Sarina Veldman
Budget: 2 999 999 SEK
In Tanzania, medicinal plants are an important source of primary healthcare. Molecular identification of plant material is an expressed critical interest for the research capacities at the Institute of Traditional Medicine, ITM, as it allows for the identification and monitoring of trade in Tanzania´s rich biological and genetic resources, which is crucial to implementing the CBD and CITES conventions. Our lab in Uppsala has been at the forefront of the development of DNA barcoding of plant species in trade and forensic material, and our work with next-generation sequencing for analysis of species complexes and mixtures is state-of-the-art. The objectives of the project are to: 1) make a quantitative investigation of wild-harvested medicinal plants; 2) identify diversity and volumes of medicinal plants traded in Tanzania; 3) use DNA barcoding for the identification of medicinal plants traded from local markets, border checkpoints and Dar es Salaam Airport; 4) use Ion-Torrent NGS for molecular identification of species in mixtures and processed products; 5) and use standard and innovative NGS-generated markers for the identification of wild-harvested orchids. This project will help our partners to take directed measures to protect consumers from toxic adulterants, protect endangered species from destructive overharvesting, curb biopiracy and trade in endangered wildlife, and facilitate controlled sustainable exploitation of medicinal plant resources.