Bevisning i brottmål - tillförlitlighet och påverkbarhet
Tidsperiod: 2020-01-01 till 2023-12-31
Projektledare: Moa Lidén
Medarbetare: Ingemar Thiblin, Marie Allen
Budget: 4 753 952 SEK
The overall purpose of the research is to examine sources of errors, which are attributable to human cognition, and influence two different types of criminal evidence; forensic evidence and witness evidence. The purpose is also to examine how such errors, that is, unreliability and biasability, are best taken into account in criminal proceedings. To this end, three main studies will be conducted, Study I-III. The first two studies will consist of multiple experiments in which forensic pathologists (Study I) and crime scene investigators/forensic analysts (Study II) will participate. Study III will also consist of multiple experiments, in which witness statements/identifications are compared to information obtained using so-called Forensic DNA Phenotyping, a technique that predicts human appearance based on forensic samples. The research combines Law, Psychology, Medicine, Criminalistics and Genetics and has a pronounced multidisciplinary approach. As such, the more specific aims are to study the multitude and complex interplay between different scientific fields that are all crucial to both the production and understanding of criminal evidence. Since all jurisdictions have humans acting inside of them and also endeavour to create criminal law procedures that are as accurate and secure as possible, the topic is relevant for Criminal Jurisprudence on a more general level, but the research also explores context specific factors e.g. in national and international jurisdictions.