Institutionell förändring och agrar-ekonomisk tillväxt: Östra Mellansverige Sverige 1810-1880
Tidsperiod: 2020-01-01 till 2022-12-31
Projektledare: Mats Morell
Budget: 3 886 914 SEK
This project studies the relation between institutional change and economic growth, in the late preindustrial period and in an agrarian context, i.e. the question of to what extent institutional change contributed to the fundamental transformation of agriculture referred to as the ‘Agricultural revolution’. Data – foremost massive amounts of price notations and all enclosure acts 1810-1880 from circa 2000 villages – is taken from East Central Sweden 1810-1880, but the issue is discussed in a European context. The project shall clarify if and how 19th century enclosures – understood as processes of privatization of land until then owned in common by villagers and used in collaboration between villagers, and the redistribution and consolidation of open field splintered ownership – influenced productivity and economic growth. Furthermore, the project shall identify drivers of enclosure and thus institutional change at unit (village) level, given that the legislation regulating enclosures, gave priority to landowners who wanted to adapt the change to enforce it upon other land owners in the village.The dependent variables are productivity and growth, and using theory, a number of indicative variables, most notably land prices, are deducted. These indicative variables are directly related to the methods developed, and the data used. By defining them, a number of specific research questions and hypotheses, deducted from theory and the broad aim given above, will be stated.