Epistemisk osäkerhet

Tidsperiod: 2021-01-01 till 2023-12-31

Projektledare: Olle Risberg

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Bidrag för anställning eller stipendier

Budget: 3 150 000 SEK

A subject is epistemically uncertain when she is uncertain about, e.g., what she knows, what she is justified in believing, or what her evidence supports. This project is a study of epistemic uncertainty, thus understood.The project is divided into three sub-projects. The first aims to assess when and why epistemic uncertainty is rationally justified. Drawing on recent results from the debates about disagreement and so-called “debunking arguments” in other areas, such as ethics, it will argue that similar considerations also threaten the justification of our epistemic beliefs. This provides reason to think that epistemic uncertainty is rationally justified—and, indeed, even rationally obligatory—in many more cases than what has so far been acknowledged.The second sub-project focuses on the normative implications of epistemic uncertainty. Departing from the idea that a normative theory should not be too demanding, it will argue that epistemic uncertainty raises problems that all theories of what we should believe struggle to accommodate.While epistemic uncertainty has received little attention, the related topic of moral uncertainty has been the subject of a lively debate, and the third sub-project focuses on the relationship between moral and epistemic uncertainty. While there are important parallels between these problems, the project will argue that they should nevertheless be solved in different ways.